"Adjournment" means the temporary termination of sittings of the House of Parliament until it meets again on a future date. The issues raised by a Member of Parliament at the time of adjournment are called Adjournment Motions.
It is a method used by the Private Members to focus the attention of the House on a definite matter of urgent public importance at short notice.
Types of Adjournment Motions
- Adjournment motions under Standing Order 19.
- Adjournment motions which can be moved at the adjournment time for which one hour has been allocated each day.
- By agreement of the committee on Parliamentary Business.
Procedure for an Adjournment Motion under Standing Order 19
The Member who wishes to move such motion has to inform the Speaker in writing and obtain his permission. If Permission is granted the Member concerned can move the motion after the question time and obtain the leave of the House. If leave is not granted it would suffice if 20 members have risen in support of the motion. A motion for which leave has been granted or so supported will stand over till 2.30 p.m. at which time the debate will commence.
In instances where the Speaker has ruled out the proposed adjournment motion he may allow the Member to raise the matter and shall announce his reasons for refusal.
It is a new development that the Members have to submit their motions for adjournment debates beforehand through their Party representatives to the Parliamentary Business Committee and seek the approval for the motion. Once it is accepted by the Committee, a date can be fixed for the debate. Thereafter, the motion can be taken up without following the procedure referred to above. However, only one motion can be moved on a single day.